Deep learning during nursing care: An evolving perspective

Article Type : Editorial


1 Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Nasibeh School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

2 Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

To the Editor

In the ever-changing healthcare landscape, technological advancements transform the patient approach care [1]. One of the most significant innovations is deep learning, a subset of artificial intelligence (AI) that has gained much attention. Although it has already been widely used in radiology, pathology, and other medical fields, integrating deep learning into nursing care is an exciting new frontier [2-9]. In the current writing, the authors will explore the evolving role of deep learning in nursing practice, its challenges, and the opportunities.

Meanwhile, deep learning is a type of machine learning that uses neural networks with multiple layers. These networks learn from vast amounts of data, enabling them to identify complex patterns and features for making sophisticated decisions. In the healthcare industry, deep learning algorithms have shown exceptional abilities in image analysis, natural language processing, and predictive modeling [10]. Also, efforts to standardize data collection and improve interoperability are crucial to unleash the full potential of deep learning models, as nursing data can be heterogeneous, fragmented, and sometimes incomplete [11]. Incorporating deep learning can improve clinical decision-making by providing real-time insights. AI-driven tools can assist nurses in patient assessment, risk prediction, and personalized care planning [12]. Additionally, persistent monitoring of vital signs, patient movement, and behavior can prevent adverse events. Deep learning algorithms analyze this data to detect changes and alert nurses promptly [13]. A study by Tunca et al., revealed that deep learning models can analyze gait patterns, sensor data, and patient movement to predict fall risk and nurses can receive alerts and tailor interventions accordingly [14]. In addition, a study by Cicceri et al., has demonstrated that by analyzing skin images and patient positioning, deep learning algorithms can identify early signs of pressure ulcers which nurses can implement preventive measures [15]. Deep learning can assist in medication reconciliation, dosage calculations, and adverse event prediction that nurses can focus on patient education and adherence [16].

Deep learning has potential benefits for nursing staff, but it also presents several ethical issues that must be addressed. Nurses need to gain an understanding of how deep learning algorithms arrive at decisions. This knowledge will help to build trust and promote collaboration between nurses and the algorithms [17]. Additionally, it is essential to ensure that deep learning models do not perpetuate biases based on race, gender, or socioeconomic status. It is important to view AI as a tool that enhances the expertise of nurses rather than replacing it. To achieve the best outcomes, effective collaboration between humans and algorithms is crucial [18].

In sum, as deep learning technology continues to advance, nurses can take advantage of its potential benefits. By adopting this technology, nurses can improve patient care, boost operational efficiency, and contribute to a more data-driven healthcare system. However, achieving these goals requires interdisciplinary collaboration, consistent education, and a commitment to ethical AI practices.



Not applicable.


Authors’ contributions

Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work: AEZ, SK; Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content: AEZ, SK; Final approval of the version to be published: AEZ, SK; Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved: AEZ, SK.





Ethics approval and consent to participate

Not applicable.


Competing interests

We do not have potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and publication of this article.


Availability of data and materials

The datasets used during the current study are available from the corresponding author on request.


Using artificial intelligent chatbots



This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License (CC BY-NC 4.0).

© 2024 The Author(s).

  1. Seyhan AA, Carini C. Are innovation and new technologies in precision medicine paving a new era in patients centric care? J Transl Med. 2019;17(1):11.
  2. Miotto R, Wang F, Wang S, Jiang X, Dudley JT. Deep learning for healthcare: review, opportunities and challenges. Brief Bioinform. 2018;19(6):1236-1246.
  3. Emami Zeydi A, Karkhah S. Nursing the future: How artificial intelligence empowers critical care nurses to revolutionize intensive care unit rehabilitation. J Nurs Rep Clin Pract. 2024;2(1):1-2.
  4. Gholampour MH, Zare-Kaseb A, Arbabi Z, Ghazanfari MJ. Implementation of artificial intelligence in the nursing profession: Barriers & facilitators. J Nurs Rep Clin Pract. 2024;2(1):47-48.
  5. Hedayati Ch M, Mobayen M, Feizkhah A, Sadeghi M. Machine learning for assessment of antimicrobial susceptibility: A novel bioinformatics approach against antimicrobial resistance. J Nurs Rep Clin Pract. 2023.
  6. Javadi-Pashaki N, Ghazanfari MJ, Karkhah S. Machine Learning for Geriatric Clinical Care: Opportunities and Challenges. Ann Geriatr Med Res. 2021;25(2):137-138.
  7. Karkhah S, Javadi-Pashaki N, Farhadi Farouji A, Jafaraghaee F, Emami Zeydi A, Ghazanfari MJ. Artificial intelligence: Challenges & opportunities for the nursing profession. J Clin Nurs. 2023;32(13-14):4197-4198.
  8. Zabihi MR, Rashtiani S, Mashayekhi Y, Amirinia F, Gholamkar V, Kor S, et al. Applications of machine learning for hemodialysis nursing cares based on a machine learning algorithm. J Nurs Rep Clin Pract. 2023;1(1):4-9.
  9. Zabihi MR, Rohampour K, Rashtiani S, Alizadeh T, Akhoondian M. Applications of machine learning for nursing monitoring of electroencephalography. J Nurs Rep Clin Pract. 2024;2(1):3-8.
  10. Malik M, Singh Y, Garg P, Gupta S. Deep learning in healthcare system. Int J Grid Distrib Comput. 2020;13(2):469-487.
  11. Alahmar A. A novel framework for standardizing and digitizing clinical pathways in healthcare information systems. 2020.
  12. Kim JT. Application of machine and deep learning algorithms in intelligent clinical decision support systems in healthcare. J Health Med Inform. 2018;9:321.
  13. Xie Z, Wang H, Han S, Schoenfeld E, Ye F. DeepVS: A Deep Learning Approach for RF-Based Vital Signs Sensing. In Proceedings of the 13th ACM International Conference on Bioinformatics, Computational Biology and Health Informatics, Northbrook, IL, USA, 7 August 2022; p. 1–5.
  14. Tunca C, Salur G, Ersoy C. Deep Learning for Fall Risk Assessment With Inertial Sensors: Utilizing Domain Knowledge in Spatio-Temporal Gait Parameters. IEEE J Biomed Health Inform. 2020;24(7):1994-2005.
  15. Cicceri G, De Vita F, Bruneo D, Merlino G, Puliafito A. A deep learning approach for pressure ulcer prevention using wearable computing. Hum-centric Comput Inf Sci. 2020;10(1):1-21.
  16. Roh H, Shin S, Han J, Lim S. A deep learning-based medication behavior monitoring system. Math Biosci Eng. 2021;18(2):1513-1528.
  17. O'Connor S, Yan Y, Thilo FJS, Felzmann H, Dowding D, Lee JJ. Artificial intelligence in nursing and midwifery: A systematic review. J Clin Nurs. 2023;32(13-14):2951-2968.
  18. Brier J, Carolyn M, Haverly M, Januario ME, Padula C, Tal A, et al. Knowing 'something is not right' is beyond intuition: development of a clinical algorithm to enhance surveillance and assist nurses to organise and communicate clinical findings. J Clin Nurs. 2015;24(5-6):832-843.
Volume 2, Issue 2
April 2024
Pages 52-53
  • Receive Date: 03 March 2024
  • Accept Date: 03 March 2024
  • First Publish Date: 03 March 2024
  • Publish Date: 01 April 2024