Effects of Pilates exercises on quality of life in patients with multiple sclerosis: A narrative review

Article Type : Reviews


1 Department of Corrective Exercise and Sport Injury, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran

2 Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

4 School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran


Pilates exercise is a method of mind-body exercise used as a non-medical treatment strategy in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) to elicit an outcome of improved health. Our narrative review aims to summarize the efficacy of the Pilates exercise in enhancing the quality-of-life measure among patients with MS. Our review was conducted by searching the following keywords using the Google Scholar search engine and PubMed database: "Pilates exercise", "quality of life", and "multiple sclerosis". Initial screening of literature, using titles and abstracts followed by full-text assessments, identified six clinical studies for this review, encompassing a sample of 187 patients with MS. Five studies concluded that Pilates exercise positively affects the quality of life among MS patients. In contrast, one study concluded that no meaningful effect on quality of life can be found. Almost all reviewed studies supported that Pilates exercise as a clinical approach can improve the quality of life in patients with MS and other parameters related to general health conditions. Therefore, Pilates exercise as a therapeutic method can be introduced.



This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License (CC BY-NC 4.0).

© 2024 The Author(s).

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 05 February 2024
  • Receive Date: 18 December 2023
  • Revise Date: 05 February 2024
  • Accept Date: 05 February 2024
  • First Publish Date: 05 February 2024
  • Publish Date: 05 February 2024